Did you know that the human body is made up of 15 percent of protein? One of the primary purposes of protein is as a building block for muscles, tendons, and skin, as well as to produce enzymes, hormones, neurotransmitters, and various tiny molecules essential for the body. That’s why it is often advised to consume foods rich in protein regularly.
When it comes to protein intake, you would normally have the option to choose between plant-based protein and meat protein. For the most part, meats are regarded as more abundant in protein when compared to plants. Is this really the case?
In this article, we will share with you more about plant-based and meat protein and which will be the best option for you. Keep on reading to find out more.
Protein in a nutshell
As proteins are the main building blocks of your body, there is a need to have sufficient consumption for your body on a daily basis. Proteins are large molecules comprised of chains of amino acids, which are organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur. They perform a wide range of functions, and they are the ones that build and repair your muscles. Protein is one of the three macronutrients (apart from fats and carbohydrates) that provide your body with the daily dose of calories or energy.
Plant-based protein vs. meat protein
When looking at plant and meat protein, the primary difference lies in their amino acids. When your body takes proteins in food, they are broken down into amino acids, which is why health-conscious individuals consider the type of protein foods they are eating. Now, let’s take a look at the different food sources of protein:
For animal products, the following are sources of protein:
- Dairy products (cheese, milk, and whey)
- Red meat (cows, bison, and deer)
- Poultry (chickens, turkeys, and quails)
- Meat from less common sources (boars, hares, and horses)
For plant-based foods, the following are rich in protein:
- Quinoa and buckwheat
What research has to say
In a study, researchers examined the health records of 3,000 men and women ages 19 to 72. The participants were asked to fill out food questionnaires to estimate their total protein intake as well as their dietary percentages of protein from specific sources. They also checked the participants’ lean muscle mass, bone mineral density, and quadriceps strength.
At the end of the study, it revealed that people who consumed the least amount of proteins had the lowest measures of muscle mass and strength. What’s more surprising, however, is the fact that the type of protein they ate, whether plant or meat, didn’t matter at all. This study suggested that overall health and muscle growth have little to do with what type of protein foods but have everything to do with the amount of protein taken.
At this point, it makes sense to eat different types of protein, regardless if they are plant-based or meat type. What’s important is that you take proteins daily based on what your body requires and not to overdo its limit. We hope that this blog has shed some light on protein consumptions, whether you opt for plant-based protein or meat-based protein.
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